When Did Indoor Plumbing Become Common in the UK?
In the UK, when did indoor plumbing become widespread? While indoor sanitation was an important advancement for public health, it required massive amounts of water to dispose of waste. Although excess water loss from toilet flushing is still an issue, toilets are also relevant to climate change. The history of indoor plumbing in the UK can be instructive for the transition to a greener lifestyle. Let’s look at a few of the key milestones that marked this transition. In the 1870s, Thomas Crapper, a Yorkshireman, patented nine different types of toilets, sinks, and bathtubs. Although he later claimed ownership of only one patent, the invention helped revolutionize the way people took a bath. Thomas Crapper’s designs would eventually lead to the modern U-bend toilet. In addition to the modern bathtub, the invention of gas-powered showers and sinks paved the way for indoor plumbing. Before the early 1800s, indoor plumbing in England was considered a luxury. However, by the 1840s, the Tremont Hotel in Boston was the first hotel in the country to install indoor plumbing. By the late 1840s, only the wealthiest houses could afford indoor plumbing. As the technology improved, so did the convenience of indoor plumbing. Until the 1880s, it was difficult for average citizens to purchase an indoor bathroom. The Great Stink was the main catalyst for indoor plumbing in England. It prompted urgent government legislation and the creation of a modern sewer network. The increase in urbanization meant that people were less likely to leave their homes and the resulting stench was so bad that the government could barely function. Victorians associated poor sanitation with illness. Additionally, the Victorian government had a difficult time connecting each individual household to a larger system. Ultimately, the government finally accepted the idea of an indoor plumbing system based on “force of sheer stench”. In the 19th century, English sanitary engineers made several important improvements to the concept of indoor plumbing. Thomas Crapper, a British inventor, developed a flushing mechanism without a siphon. In 1876, Rev. Edward Johns introduced the “dolphin” toilet to the United States. A century later, the idea of indoor plumbing in homes has become common in homes around the world. During the nineteenth century, the British government reintroduced public bath houses. During this time, a modern sewage system significantly reduced the spread of disease and educated whole populations on the importance of sanitation. The nineteenth century was deemed the “great sanitary awakening” because it prompted a series of technological breakthroughs. One of these innovations was the invention of a porcelain toilet that featured a U-bend water trap. Prior to 1860, indoor loos were extremely limited. Very few households had their own water supply, so communal pumping was necessary. Besides communal toilets, there were also outhouses called cesspools. These were often overflowed, and solid waste was collected by poorly paid workers and distributed to the gardens or farmland. The waste water eventually flowed into rivers. Eventually, indoor plumbing and toilets became commonplace in England. Click here to learn more about boiler grants derby.